Over the years, laws have been put in place by the federal government to ensure that workers are treated fairly by their employers. These include provisions for safety, workers’ compensation, retirement, collective bargaining, and more. Knowing the laws can help you better understand your rights at work. There are federal offices that preside over different areas of the law, so by knowing where to direct your complaints, you can have a better chance at protecting your rights.
Most people have heard of OSHA—the acronym for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. This is the office tasked with ensuring workers do not work in unsafe areas as they do their jobs. For example, OSHA may audit a construction site and identify potentially unsafe conditions that might result in injury.
If you are injured on the job, you will need to file a workers’ comp claim. While the federal government defers to state workers’ comp programs for issuing the money and healthcare employees need following a workplace injury, they do have certain programs in place for specific workers, such as longshoremen and harbor workers, energy employees who were exposed to radiation, those covered under the Federal Employees’ Compensation Act, and coal miners who suffered from black lung.
While pensions seem to be fading into the past, certain offices still govern these companies to ensure they are handled properly. For example, employers who take their employees donations to pension funds are required to purchase insurance policies that ensure their employees can obtain them when the time comes.
As far as pay goes, all pay laws are handled by the Wage and Hour Division and governed by the Fair Labor Standards Act. The goal of this office is to ensure that employers pay their workers fairly, especially in situations involving overtime.
Laws Protecting Unions
Some employees find it beneficial to organize into a union and bargain with their employers as a group. The Office of Labor-Management Standards is responsible for ensuring union leaders and members uphold certain laws, including election standards, labor relations practices, and filing reports.There are many other federal organizations that govern employment laws, and you can find them here. For more information, speak with an experienced Boca Raton employment lawyer about your situation.